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7 Vegetables With the Largest Harvest

Top 7 veggies that outproduce all others.  How to grow the most popular edible plants.  Tips for the novice and how to increase the harvest this spring.

Watters Weekly Garden Classes

April Classes

April 2 - Drip Irrigation Design and Installation

Newest technologies in irrigation introduced. April is time to turn that irrigation back on. Learn the benefits of drip irrigation, the best emitters and parts, how to set a system up or add a plant to it. With the right system, you can save water and have healthier plants all at the same time. We will also go over how to properly set up and run an irrigation clock. We stuff Watters irrigation bins full making ready for this class. Come early and bring a lawn chair; over 100 students attended this class last time it was offered.

April 9 - Grape, Brambles & Blueberries to the Kitchen

Students learn the best grapes, berries and all things vegetable along with plant foods to an ever increasing harvest. Dozens and dozens of fruiting varieties will be on hand and all the professionals to help you increase the eats from these edible plants.

April 16 - Fragrant Mountain Roses

Beautiful roses are admired, but these roses will tickle the nose. Not only will you know which roses are most fragrant, but you'll have all the insider tips the brings your rose to life with these season long bloomers. Oh, we'll have a HUGE selection of fragrant roses on hand that day as well . . . Imagine that.

April 23- Grow Your Own Groceries From Tomatoes 2 Fruits

This fun filled class has everything edible for the garden this spring. Nothing is genetically modified here at Watters, but we will cover the best heirloom varieties to local favorites. The ideal soil preparation, best foods and care are all covered in this fast paced class. It's that start of planting season, and this class starts the season off smarter and wiser to local ways in the garden. The nursery is loaded with 100's of non-GMO vegetable starts and organic herbs this weekend. We're ready to plant.

April 30 - Going Native and Low, Low maintenance

This class coincides with our annual native plant sale along with a host of other Low, LOW, LOW water use plants that once established require little to no water and even less care. No other nursery has so many native and low care plants in the region with the horticulturist to help you plant it right.

Garden Classes are on hiatus for the month of May

June Classes

June 4 - Smart Phone Photography using Instagram

Ken Lain has decades of professional garden writing under his belt, but he also takes his own garden photos. Learn these easy photo tips, best light, angles and fun. Bring your iPhone or Android enabled smart phone loaded with the latest Instagram app and have some fun in the garden. This class is rated for the novice so come early if you need help loading this free app.

If you have a limited growing area this season, or if you simply want more produce from every square foot of plantable space, here is my list of the 7 Best Producing Vegetables a gardener can grow.  The planting season varies by variety so check Watters Local Gardening Calendar for exact planting dates.  The best producing plants are below, and the list begins with potatoes. 

Potatoes – Huge Harvest Beneath your Feet

Potatoes go about their business underground while the gardener hopes for the best from a process he cannot actually see. Fortunately, in the right soil, potatoes deliver without disappointment.  Give them a bed of loose, fluffy soil to reach down into and root and they will form potatoes with abandon.  

Don’t be in a hurry to plant your potatoes in the garden. Wait for the spring thaw, and then plant from March through April.  Savvy local gardeners use the first dandelion blooms in spring as their signal to plant potatoes.  

When first planted, keep the soil moist, but not soggy. For an ideal crop, make sure the plants get regular water when in flower. That’s when new potatoes form. Start cutting back water as the vines decline; this cures your potatoes before the harvest.

A 10-ft. row with plants spaced 12-18 inches apart will yield up to 30 lbs. of potatoes, depending on the variety of potato planted and its gardening conditions.

Tips for a 100-Pound Potato Harvest

Beans - a Big Yield in Small Spaces

Bush beans are more prolific than the average vegetable crop. Bush beans produce more quickly, but pole beans need to be sown only once and continue producing an abundant harvest through October. You easily can produce 5 lbs. of bush beans from a ten ft. row. Expect upwards of 10 lbs of beans from a comparable row of pole beans. 

Greedy Harvest Tip -  Harness the productivity of both types of beans by planting them both at the same time in spring.

The bush beans will begin setting pods within a few weeks while the pole beans will be growing vines. When the bush beans are finished, the pole beans will be ready to keep you in beans for the rest of the season.

Insiders’ Tips to Better Local Beans

Cucumbers - Produce in Abundance

Vining cucumbers are very generous producers. If you want to make pickles, that’s a good thing; you’ll have enough to make as many jars as you need. If you only eat cucumbers in salads, there’s a limit to how many you can consume, so don’t plant any vining varieties. Bush cucumbers tend to produce less fruit than their vining cousins.

Three to four vines can easily provide 10 lbs. of cucumbers. Cucumbers begin to decline by mid-season so it's best to seed a second crop in mid-summer so the harvest continues through autumn.

Cucumbers are best picked on the immature side; if they are allowed to get fat, they will produce a seedy, bitter harvest.  If you leave cucumbers on the vine past their prime, the vines stop setting flowers and fruit.  Cucumber vines have both male and female flowers, with female flowers doing all the work to set fruit.  The flowers need to be well pollinated but are open only one day.  Having multiple plants ensures more flowers will be open on any given day.

Vegetables, garden, harvestMore on Cucumbers in Vining Abundance ~ 

Okra Plants Grow Like Crazy

Okra is best planted in the garden as the heat of the season begins, from the end of May through June.  Of all the vegetables, this is one to stay on top of, even more so than beans. Harvest frequently as overgrown okra pods are not only tough to eat, they cause the plants to shut down and stop producing more pods.  Considering how prolific okra plants are, that’s something you would think to be impossible!

Plants produce a greater yield during the long hot seasons of summer and increase production as the monsoon rains arrive in July.  Expect a 10-pound harvest from a 10-ft. row with plants spaced 18 inches apart.

Growing Better Okra

Tomatoes – There Can Never Be Enough

It can be a challenge waiting for the first ripe tomato of summer, but once they start producing tomatoes, the supply is steady. The type of tomato grown, its growing conditions, weather, and your attentiveness as a gardener affect the harvest.

Large beefsteak tomatoes tend to set less fruit than smaller tomatoes, but they keep up the harvest. Cherry and grape tomatoes give you the greatest quantity, but not a large yield.

In mountain gardens, medium-sized varieties are the best producers.  These include early girl, celebrity, lemons, champion, Ace varieties and the like.  These medium-sized fruits produce early, often, and pound for pound yield more fruit than any other plant in the garden. 

In good seasons, you can see as much as 20 lbs of fruits per plant. In general, though, it’s more realistic to expect about 10-15 pounds.

Local Tips to Better Tomatoes

Welsh Onions – Alarming Rate of Growth

Welsh onions are a perennial variety, which makes them popular choices for most gardeners. They do grow a bulb, but it’s the green tops that are harvested. Plant or seed them like bulbing onions, but use the green tops like scallions or spring onions.  What makes them so prolific is that the tops grow back amazingly fast. Within a few weeks of harvesting, they’ll be ready to harvest again!

While you need to plant continual successions of scallion onions, Welsh onions require no effort other than the harvest. Even if they are allowed to go to seed, simply cut back the plants to within a few inches from the ground and they will re-grow at an alarming speed. 

The downside to perennial vegetables, like asparagus and rhubarb, is the permanent space devoted to them. Luckily, Welch onions can be harvested all year long. 

Tips to Better Local Onions 

Zucchini – the Fruit that Feeds the Neighborhood

Due to overzealous planting of zucchini, gardeners have been asked to drop off baskets of the squash on neighbors’ doorsteps on August 8th, now known as Sneak Some Zucchini onto Your Neighbor’s Porch Day. Three to 5 plants can easily yield anywhere from 20-40 lbs. of fruit. Even at the low end, that’s a lot of squash!

To get a great yield, you need to harvest regularly. These are best picked when 8 inches long or less. If fruit is left on the vine, the vines stop setting flowers and no more squash will be produced.

 This is especially true of zucchini because it needs both male and female flowers in order to produce fruits, and both have to be in flower at the same time. Squash blossoms are only open for one day.  Only the female flowers produce fruits and they need to be pollinated multiple times, to produce viable fruits. If you’ve ever noticed zucchini shriveling while still small, it probably wasn’t pollinated enough.  Planting several plants close together in the garden increases pollination, and, therefore, the harvest.

 

Until next issue, I'll see you at Watters Garden Center.

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Ken Lain, the Mountain Gardener

Ken Lain is attracted to sunshine, beauty, happiness, success and health through gardening, and wishes to point the way to others. Throughout the week Ken can be found at Watters Garden Center located at 1815 W. Iron Springs Rd, Prescott, or contacted through his web site at www.wattersgardencenter.com

Website: www.wattersgardencenter.com